Rosemary is a woody plant of the Mint family. Winter hard and perennial plant is originally from southern Europe and Asia minor
Requires sunny sheltered by walls from icy winds; light sandy-soil well drained peaty; a little stiff and resistant to prolonged climates.
It can grow in pots on terraces, taking care to put the pieces on the bottom for an optimal drainage, rinvasando every 2-3 years, using universal loam mixed with sand, fertilizers, liquid fertilizer mixed with monthly water of watering, which will be controlled and reduced in winter.
Spring renews the system cimando the main jets, to obtain a bushy appearance, without having to resort to measures of pruning.
It multiplies easily by apical cuttings of new jets in the spring taken by basal shoots and more vigorous plants planted for at least 2/3 of their length in a mixture of peat and sand; or it is sown in April-May, transplanting in September or next spring; or multiply by Division of the plant in the spring.
Effect of defense mechanisms from the hot and arid (typical of the macchia mediterranea), the plant shall, if the climate is sufficiently warm and dry in summer and warm in winter, the phenomenon of estivation i.e. the plant stops almost completely the vegetation in summer, while the luxuriance of the vegetation and the vital phases (flowering and fruiting) respectively in late fall or winter, and in the spring. In cooler climates and humid vegetation phases can be moved around the summer. However in the summer, hot, especially if the plant tends to be in a resting phase.
Rosemary is used:
In the kitchen or in the industry of sausages as aromatic plant
As an ornamental plant in gardens, flower beds and borders, shrubs, or stains to grow in pots on terraces
The leaves, fresh or dried, and the essential oil, as a medicinal plant