Garden rocket (Eruca sativa) or Arugula is an annual plant that belongs to the mustard family (Cruciferae or Brassicaceae). The plant is native to in the northern hemisphere and in South America. Arugula is also around 1980 interest in Northern Europe.
Arugula can early in the spring be sown until relatively late in the autumn. In the winter can be sown under glass in a greenhouse or flat. The driving distance is 10 to 15 cm and the seed amount of 3 to 4 grams per m2. In the summer the plants can be harvested after 2 to 3 weeks, in spring and autumn this could reach 5 weeks. Arugula quickly shoots by.
The young plants are used as flavor amplifier in lettuce and raw vegetables are also eaten on bread and the nursery. Can also be Braised Arugula. The taste is Walnut-like and somewhat bitter. The play at the taste, especially the 4-methylthio-butylisothiocyanaat isothiocyanates and the 5-methylthio-pentylisothiocyanaat an important role. The use in lettuce is typically Tuscan. Arugula would also work improves potency.
Arugula has a high vitamin C content, but also a high nitrate content and therefore should not be eaten in large quantities. The acceptable daily intake (ADI) of nitrate amounts to 3.7 mg per kilogram of body weight. The recommended maximum nitrate intake for someone with a weight of 70 kg should therefore not more than 260 mg per day, which is already at 47 grams of rucola is reached.